How to write a spanish resume | ResumeCoach (2024)

Create a resume for a Spanish-speaking job

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How to write a spanish resume | ResumeCoach (1)

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There are approximately 500 million native Spanish speakersin the world and in the US alone, 13% of the total population speak Spanishas their mother tongue. This makes it a very powerful language in terms of business worldwide. Whether you are interested in working within the US with a Spanish-speaking company or you’re looking to go abroad for work, knowinghow to write a Spanish resumewill be vitally important.

Depending on where you would like to look for work you will need toadapt your Spanish resume, or as it is more commonly known in Europe, yourSpanish CV, to the specific regulations of that country. If you are searching for ajob in a Latin American country, you should research the recruitment processes and etiquette for resume writing in that specific country before sending your application to ensure you don’t leave anything out that could be crucial for your candidacy.

Other names used to describe theSpanish resumeinclude ‘curriculum’ – more popular in Spain – and ‘hoja de vida’ – used in some Latin American countries.

Thisguide to Spanish resume writingwill give you a better idea of how to tackle this challenge as well as a few expert pointers to consider tocreate an outstanding Spanish resumefor your job application.

create my spanish resume

Writing a Resume in Spanish

If you need towrite a resume in Spanishfor a job application, it is advisable to go beyond simply translating the information and instead, you should try to write the Spanish CV from scratch taking into consideration the differences in layout and relevant details.

The principal elements that need to be taken into account are:

  • Formatting
  • Information to include
  • Order and importance of sections
  • Cultural terms
  • Equivalents for grades, courses, etc.

Below you will find more information on these factors to help you structure andcomplete your resume in Spanish. Firstly, however, are a few general tips regarding creating a resume in Spanish:

  • Sometimes, in resumes for the US or other countries, it is common practice to develop work experience descriptions or other sections in paragraph format. In aSpanish curriculumthis is not the case and in any areas where you include more information than just basic details of dates and names, you should aim touse bullet pointsto list the corresponding description.
  • Throughout aSpanish resume, candidates should make their achievements and key skills clear byusing different action verbs. Examples of good Spanish resume vocabulary to use include: prepare – preparar, achieve – lograr, obtain – conseguir, promote – fomentar, etc. Take a look atSpanish resume examplesfor more ideas.
  • The use of the Spanish equivalent of the first person singular ‘I’ – ‘Yo’ should be limited. Insteaduse simply the past or infinitive form of the verbto explain accomplishments or responsibilities from previous experiences.
  • Once you’ve finished your Spanish resume and you’ve included all the relevant information without overloading it, it is highly recommended that you shouldask a native speaker to proofreadthe finished product because it may be a foreign language to you but the hiring manager will spot mistakes in an instant and any spelling or grammar mistakes could potentially ruin your chances of making it to the interview stage.

Aresume in Spanish examplewill help candidates understand what is important to include and what is not for their job application in Spain or to another Spanish-speaking country.

Spanish Resume: Layout and Sections

When it comes down tostructuring a Spanish resume, it is essential for applicants to take a look at theSpanish resume formatto understand how a resume in Spanish should be laid out, what information should be included and what should be excluded. One way to do this is to employSpanish resume templatesthat are pre-structured in a format that Spanish-speaking recruiters know well, in order to offer them the information in an easily recognizable order.

  • The general rule for thelength of a Spanish resumeis to maintain all the information within 2x A4 size pages maximum. This is already more than necessary because recruiters do not have much time to spend reviewing the many resumes they receive which means it is essentially better to aim for just one page, however, 2 pages are acceptable for candidates with a long, relevant work history.
  • Themargins and white space on a Spanish curriculumshould also be considered because the technical resume formatting for different language resumes can vary. In standard Spanish CVs, margins should measure 3 cm (just over 1 inch) from the top of the page and 2.5cm (1 inch) from each side.
  • Another rule to take into account tocreate a correct Spanish resume formatis the heading or title you put at the beginning of the page. It is important that this area is not given the title ‘Spanish resume’ or simply ‘Resume’, ‘CV’ or ‘Curriculum’. Theheader should include the applicant’s full nameand the relevant personal details.

Once you understand the format that is necessary for a Spanish resume to fit the criteria of Spanish employers, you can use aresume in Spanish exampleto see how you can adapt your resume to their requirements.

What to include in a Spanish resume?

Other than the language, there are additionalfactors that must be considered when writing a resume in Spanish. These elements encompass what sections should appear on a Spanish CV in order to catch the hiring manager’s attention.

If the curriculum is not well-formatted and laid out in the corresponding order, you could easily find your Spanish resume being rejected from the very beginning. To ensure this doesn’t happen, follow these guidelines ofwhat to write in your resume in Spanish:

Photo

Unlike the88% of US recruiterswho reject resumes with photos, recruiters in other countries expect aSpanish curriculum to include a professional profile picture. This passport-sized photo is included on the front page of the resume. It should show only the head and shoulders and should not be taken from another photo but be professionally shot for this purpose.

If you are uncomfortable including aphoto on your Spanish resume, it is not compulsory and the ‘anonymous CV’ is becoming more and more accepted in Spanish companies so it should not cause a problem. However, candidates should be aware that traditionally Spanish-speaking recruiters are accustomed to seeing this photo as part of the professional profile of an applicant.

Personal Information

Datos personales

Either with the photo or in a header for your resume, you should include a section dedicated to contact and personal information for the hiring manager to be able to identify you and have your contact details to hand if they are interested in discussing further your application.

This area should include the candidate’s details as follows:

  • Full name – Nombre completo (First and Last name = Nombre and Apellido).
  • Age or date of birth – Edad or fecha de nacimiento.
  • Full address or alternatively a general location such as the region or city where you’re
  • looking to work – Dirección or Ubicación (Estado, Zona, Región, Ciudad).
  • Email address – Correo electrónico.
  • Phone number – Número de teléfono.
  • Nationality – Nacionalidad.

Also, if applicable the candidate’s ID number that proves their right to work in the country to which they’re applying. In Spain this is called a NIE – numero de identidad extranjero – giving the bearer permission to be contracted and pay into the tax and social security system. Check the name and nature of this document if you’re applying to work in a different Spanish-speaking country.

Additionally here you canadd information regarding your availability of timetable and your driving licence typeor other major certificates you may hold that could be beneficial to your job application.

Education/Training

Formación Académica
Often found insecond place on a Spanish resume, especially forentry-levelorstudent resumecandidates, is the education or training section, dedicated to demonstrating the candidate’s qualifications and certificates.

The information that should be included in this section includes the following:

  • Name and type of qualification (where possible offer the Spanish equivalent).
  • Corresponding start and finish dates (If the course is still undergoing, use the term ‘en curso’ to explain that the certificate has not yet been awarded).
  • Location and/or academy name.
  • Grade – if relevant (It is not necessary to include your GPA but if you wish to add a grade to demonstrate high academic achievement,work out the equivalentfor the country you’re applying to so the hiring manager has a frame of reference to better understand the accomplishment).

If you have various diplomas, it is only necessary toinclude the most relevant and recent certificationsto demonstrate to the prospective employer your training in the specific area you want to work in.

In a Spanish CV, if you have undertakenprofessional courses or training programs, these will usually be included in this section. It does not only refer to academic degrees. If, like many jobseekers these days, you have both professional and academic certificates,combine the most pertinent information regarding the different courses in this same sectionto provide a well-rounded image of your professional expertise to the hiring manager.

Professional Experience

Experiencia profesional
Usually inthird position on a Spanish resume, thework experience sectionshould give a list of the most recent and important positions you have held. In order to structure the job history section correctly, you can see howSpanish resume examplesdemonstrate the previous posts inreverse chronological orderand every candidate should do the same so that potential employers get a good idea of the career progression.

Each entry in the work experience section should follow the same format:

  • Name of position/Job title
  • Company name or sector (If the company is unlikely to be known or understood, explain briefly the industry it is dedicated to.)
  • Location
  • Dates of employment
  • Description of tasks and responsibilities

In addition to all paid professional experience, candidates shouldinclude internships and significant volunteer experience in this categorybecause in a Spanish resume, it is common practice to combine these various experiences as opposed to separate them into different areas.

Bear in mind that if you use the full date in your Spanish resume at any point and are applying for work with a European company, you should adjust the date to the DD/MM/YYYY format.

Remember only to include the mostrelevant job history that relates directly to the company, industry or positionyou’re applying to.

Skills

Competencias/Aptitudes
A section dedicated tohard and soft skillsis not traditionally found on a Spanish resume, however, it is becoming increasingly common and it could give you the upper hand in the job application process if you directlydemonstrate to the hiring manager that you possess certain abilitiesthat other candidates do not claim to have.

Themost essential skillsthat you should mention in this section are those that establish you as the ideal applicant for the position in question. The best way to know what these skills are is by researching well the vacancy on offer and using the job description as a guide to find the key skills required.

Some of the most crucial skills to highlight on a Spanish resume include linguistic abilities and IT skills. If you are particularly gifted in one of these two areas, you can create a separate section that deals with just these capabilities.

Languages

Idiomas
If you choose to add your linguistic abilities to a specially dedicatedlanguages sectionor include them within your general skills section, you should remember tolist not only the language you master but also the levelto which you are able to use it in a professional capacity.

For aresume for Spain, candidates are recommended to list their linguistic abilities according to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) for languages, which rates the level of fluency between a scale of A1 (most basic knowledge) to C2 (native fluency).

If you havecompleted any universally recognized exams, such as a DELE (Diploma de Español como Lengua Extranjera = Diploma of Spanish as a Foreign Language), these should be included in this section. This will allow the hiring manager to gain a better understanding of your level.

You can also use a more global scale if you areapplying to work in a Spanish companyin the US or elsewhere. The following are some general terms to describe linguistic abilities:

  • Beginner – Inicial/Principiante
  • Elementary – Básico
  • Intermediate – Intermedio
  • Advanced – Avanzado
  • Bilingual – Bilingüe
  • Mother tongue – Lengua materna

IT Skills

Competencias de informática
Candidates should determine the types of IT programs or languages they can useto demonstrate to the hiring manager their capabilities in this area.

For example, it is more common to see Microsoft Office included in Spanish resumes than American ones; it is referred to as Ofimática. For other programs, it is important for candidates to use the technical names and if necessary add an explanation as to the main function so the hiring manager can understand the suitability of this skill as part of the job application.

If it is not relevant to the position you are applying for, it is not necessary to include a section dedicated to your IT skills unless it offers something to your application that competing candidates might not have which could be useful to the vacancy or company.

Hobbies

Aficiones
Only around30% of Spanish recruitersfavor a section on interests and hobbies, but it is still sometimes sensible to include one. This segment can give a potential employer a better,more well-rounded idea of the applicant. Sometimes, it can even be the turning point, if the candidate adapts their resume well to the vacancy or specific company culture, encompassing shared values into the free-time activities mentioned here.

Do not add this section if you feel it does not fit well with the type of position you are seekingor the specific business you’re applying to. The idea is not to waste a hiring manager’s time but to engage them with relevant information by supplying a well-structured and informative Spanish resume.

Using aSpanish resume builderwill give you thebest Spanish CV templateswith professional examples to understand how to optimize your job application in Spanish.
ResumeCoachgives jobseekers the ability to make their resume in various languages through the multi-lingual online resume builder application so you can get a jumpstart on your Spanish resume with expert tips.

Spanish Resume Example

One guaranteed method tocreate a Spanish resumethat will catch the eye of the hiring manager is to employ aSpanish resume exampleto guide you with tips and sample texts to use in the various sections.

Anexample of a resume in Spanishcan help candidates choose what sections will be useful for their customized job application and show themhow to format a resumethat will stand out from the competition.Example Spanish curriculumswill be complete with typicalSpanish resume termsand phrases that are common to Spanish speaking recruiters.

In addition toresume examples in Spanishand using aSpanish resume template, candidates are also advised toreview cover letters in Spanishwhich are better known as cartas de presentación. To complete a job application for a vacancy in Spain, Mexico or another Spanish speaking nation or company, it will be necessary to present both the Spanish curriculum and the cover letter.

Difference between American and Spanish Resumes

There are always similarities and differences to be considered when you need to create a resume to apply for a job in a different country or simply using a different language. Moving from one language to another implies much more than simple translation of words, and applicants shouldtake care to respect cultural differencesthat may apply when job searching in different countries.

Althoughboth the Spanish and American resumes are generally short and do not exceed 2 A4 pagesas a standard rule, it could be construed that the Spanish resume has overall less detail. This is because it is only now becoming more common to include a list of the achievements or responsibilities held in previous positions. Therefore many older Spanish-speaking jobseekers will not complete their professional experience section to such a degree as the current generation.

Additionally, it is also only recently becoming more popular toinclude a skills sectionwhich displays the different hard and soft abilities of the applicant. Thus, frequently Spanish resumes will be seen with much less detail than American resumes.

Resume in Spanish for Mexico

Towrite a resume in Spanish for a job application in Mexico, there are several aspects that candidates should consider before handing over a traditional Spanish resume.

Firstly, again a resume in Spanish cannot simply be a translated version of your normal resume because it may not tick the boxes ofwhat is required by a Mexican employer.

Generally in Mexico, theresume is also known as a CV or currículum, and does not differ majorly from the resume for Spain or hoja de vida that we have described previously.

In Mexico,education is one of the most valued sectionsand should be included with more detail than the typical American resume, listing college activities,honors and awards, etc.

In addition to the aforementioned sections, the Mexican resume includes a part that is dedicated to updates – Actualizaciones. This means instead of adding new courses, professional training sessions or diplomas to the education section, any of these that have given you new expertise would be listed here under this heading.

If you’re applying for a job in Mexico or another Spanish-speaking country, you can use an online resume builder to create your resume in Spanish in no time with no fuss.

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